Date: Friday, March, 20th
Place: Sala de conferencias 1 (CIMCYC)
Speaker: Peter Delaney
Title: Personality, Inner Strength, and Memory: How Different People Remember and Forget
Abstract: I have long argued that remembering and forgetting are active processes. Learning doesn't just happen to us: we make it happen. Since memory is a consequence of behavior, it should surprise no one that it is affected by powerful inner forces like our personalities, beliefs, and emotions. Everyone knows that depression and stress, for example, hurt memory. However, in cognitive psychology, few people have dared to investigate how non-cognitive inner traits like personality affect memory. We will present data on how inner forces affected memory in two theoretically-crucial phenomena, intentional forgetting and test-enhanced learning. The data suggested the 'Big 5' factor of conscientiousness as a crucial factor in situations where changing our approach to learning is important. We also closely examined the effects of being 'mentally tough' -- a concept close to hardiness or resilience -- and neuroticism as memory modifiers. Critically, personality and beliefs had no direct effect on memory efficiency, but they affected memory by changing what people do during learning.