News

6th February: Next lab meeting & Erika Borella's conference

Date: Friday, February, 6th.

Time: 16:00h

Place: Sala de Conferencias 1 (CIMCYC)

Speaker: Erika BorelliDepartment of General Psychology, University of Padova, Italy

Title: Working memory training for a healthy aging

Abstract: Growing numbers of studies are focusing on assessing whether the age-related decline in basic mechanisms of cognition can be postponed. One such basic mechanism is working memory (WM) given its involvement in higher-order cognitive abilities also relating to everyday life, such as fluid intelligence, problem-solving, and reading comprehension. Because of its central role in cognition, training activities targeting WM have been assumed to produce wider effects on the cognitive system. Although results concerning the efficacy of WM training in aging are promising, their benefits in terms of transfer and maintenance effects are still source of debate, and seem to depend on different aspects.

The aim of this presentation is to illustrate and discuss a WM training procedure that we have developed, which appears to produce both near and far transfer effects, even in abilities involved in everyday tasks, such as reading comprehension, in different populations (young-old, old-old and cases of mild cognitive impairment [MCI]). The training gains identified are attributed to the nature of the training, which not only takes into account the capacity to use WM resources and attentional control (by adopting an adaptive procedure), but also considers the importance of presenting challenging and engaging training activities to sustain motivation and thus favor the training’s short- and long-term efficacy, in older adults at least. Crucial variables that can affect the efficacy of WM training in both healthy elderly people and individuals with MCI - such as training procedure, the age range of older participants, and the nature of the training task (verbal or visuospatial) - will be discussed in terms of any transfer effects.

30th January: Next lab meeting

Date: Friday, January, 30th.

Time: 13:00h

Place: To be announced

Speaker: Sandra Marful

Title: Sala de Conferencias 1 (CIMCYC)

27th January: Paulo Petry's conference

27th November: Paulo Petry's conference

Date: Tuesday, January, 27th.

Time: 12:30h

Place: Sala de Conferencias CIMCYC

Speaker:  Paulo Petry, profesor asociado de la Universidad Federal de Río Grande del Sur

Title: La salud basada en la evidencia

Brief CV:
Tiene Doctorado en Epidemiología por el Programa de Posgrado en Epidemiología de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Federal de Río Grande del Sur. Maestría en Epidemiología por el Centro de Investigación en Epidemiología de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Federal de Pelotas. Posgrado en Periodoncia por la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Federal de Río Grande del Sur. Graduación en Odontología por Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Federal de Río Grande del Sur.

Es profesor asociado de la Universidad Federal de Río Grande del Sur, actúa como profesor invitado en varios cursos de posgrado en Brasil y en el extranjero en las áreas de Epidemiología, Bioestadística, Metodología de la Investigación y Auditoría de la Salud. Traductor de libros científicos, autor de artículos y capítulos de libros. Es dictante de cursos en Brasil y en el extranjero.

5th November: Chandan Vaidya's conference

Date: Wednesday, November, 5th.

Time: 11:00h

Place: Sala de Conferencias 2 CIMCYC

Speaker: Chandan Vaidya, directora del laboratorio de Neurociencia Cognitiva del Desarrollo de la Universidad de Georgetown

Title: Towards a cognitive neuroscience of individual differences: Genes, brain, and behavior

Abstract: Genetic polymorphisms of dopamine and serotonin genes have been implicated in susceptibility to psychiatric conditions. I will present our studies in healthy children and adults examining the role of the dopamine transporter genotype and the serotonin transporter genotype in differences in performance (e.g., working memory, logical reasoning), behavioral traits (e.g., inattention/impulsivity, anxiety), and brain structure and function (activation and connectivity). These findings contribute to the identification of endophenotypes that are necessary for building a causal pathway from genes to disorder.

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